Hanover – a thriving modern city with so many possibilities, opportunities and different perspectives – a world-class city which offers a great quality of life! The capital of Lower Saxony, a city where potential and innovation are cultivated. Its close proximity to nature, its authenticity and its impressive infrastructure – all this and more make Hanover a fantastic place to live, work and enjoy life.
Hanover was awarded the title of “UNESCO City of Music” in 2014 and has since been officially playing an important role on the global music stage. Talented musicians, researchers and creative professionals live and work in Hanover, making the city a perfect place to indulge in uninterrupted listening pleasure.
Surveys carried out by the city council have confirmed that Hanover is a city where people feel welcome and at ease. 84 per cent of the local residents rate their city highly or very highly. Numerous organisations, institutions and other committed parties are working hard to ensure that this always remains the case.
“Movement” is an everyday word which is also the focus of physicists at Leibniz University who, in addition to other notable research subjects, are conducting research on gravitational waves. A large proportion of the local residents also ensure that movement is a high priority in and around the city.
Maschsee Lake, Herrenhausen Palace and the New City Hall are all unmissable attractions and the entire region has a rich variety of cultural, natural and scientific treasures on offer. For example, the Hanover Laser Centre is researching ways in which the latest technologies can be used efficiently in agricultural applications.
What are the current developments in research into deafness? What sort of new discoveries can we expect over the next few years? The Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (ITEM) intends to use its Translational Medical Technology centre of excellence to find the answers to these questions. The institute has been carrying out research for almost 40 years, primarily in the areas of pharmaceutical development and chemical safety. Over the years they have built up expertise in the field of translational medical technology. One of the topics is the development of individual implants for people with impaired hearing. In an interview, the director of the Institute Professor Norbert Krug explains how deaf people will be able to fully enjoy concerts in the future, and what 3D printing has to do with this. Other topics: How the Fraunhofer makes the lives of premature babies easier and how they can help people who have respiratory diseases through the use of safe and effective medication.
The Joint Research Academy is providing support to up-and-coming scientists from the Hearing4all cluster in order to help them advance their research and careers. One of the young researchers discusses the project he is currently working on, the contribution this is making to the Hearing4all project and how the Joint Research Academy is supporting him.
is conducting research on artificial intelligence and music perception
Now in an interview with Waldo Nogueira.(German)
Hands-on experiments, shows and concerts. IdeenExpo, Europe’s largest natural sciences and technology event for young people, will next take place from 2 to 10 July 2022.
Hanover’s exhibition grounds are periodically transformed into a huge and exciting world of discovery for young people who are interested in the natural sciences and enjoy carrying out science experiments. The Technology and Innovation Show, which featured stars such as Bosse, Sunrise Avenue and Sasha, attracted a record number of 395,000 visitors in 2019. Exhibitors presented over 670 interactive exhibits over more than 110,000 square metres of exhibition space. The aim was to inspire young visitors to learn more about training, research and job opportunities in the natural sciences, technology and innovation. The exhibition was divided into different themed areas: energy, communication, the living world and the environment, mobility and manufacturing. The exhibition programme was also topped off with a series of workshops, lectures, science shows and experiments.
Due to the coronavirus pandemic, the supervisory board of IdeenExpo decided in May 2020 to postpone the 2021 exhibition until summer 2022. The exhibition will be held again from 2 to 10 July under the banner: “Try something new!” As large events have had to be cancelled due to the coronavirus, IdeenExpo decided to livestream the Science Slam on YouTube for the first time ever during spring 2020. Viewers were able to watch this tried and tested blend of science and entertainment from the comfort of their own homes.
Shout, shout, let it all out! If you have ever shouted along to the song by the band Tears for Fears, you will probably have noticed that your ears are ringing afterwards. Human hearing participates in many activities, not just at concerts, but also at work. Find out about the types of people who should consider using ear defenders.
Hearing problems are all too common in our society – in Germany, around 15 million people are affected. The good news: All the different kinds of hearing issues can now be diagnosed and treated. Whether it’s an operation, a hearing aid or an implant – there are lots of options for restoring your hearing. And who does this? The German Hearing Centre (Deutsches HörZentrum or DHZ) in Hanover works with a team of experts, using the best possible forms of therapy for patients. Find out more here about what makes DHZ special, what future hearing solutions they’re working on – and listen for yourself to find out what a hearing issue sounds like.
The American jazz musician Louis Armstrong once said, “If you have to ask what jazz is, you’ll never know.” But even if you have to ask, you have a good chance of finding out more about this type of music at the Jazz Club Hanover. The club was established in 1966 and it has become one of the most prestigious jazz clubs in Europe. Its founders wanted to create a venue for jazz enthusiasts to share their passion for the genre. At that time, the main priority was to help return Germany’s unofficial epicentre of jazz to its former glory. Famous musicians, such as Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington, Count Basie and Lionel Hampton have played in the cellar on the Lindener Berg.
An audience of 130 takes the room to full capacity. As there is not very much space, the seats have to be positioned right up to the stage. The interior walls of the former recreation centre are completely painted in orange. This is why the Jazz Club is also known to some people as the Orange Club. Between 60 and 80 concerts are performed here each year. In 2014, the club became an official partner of the UNESCO – City of Music event. In 2018, it won the state of Lower Saxony’s music prize for the second time.
The members of the Jazz Club Hanover e.V. were keen to ensure that jazz would be heard beyond the walls of the club and across the entire city. This is why when the club was just one year old, its members organised the first open-air “Swinging Hanover Festival”. Around 40,000 visitors have been attending the festival that takes place in front of the New Town Hall on Ascension Day ever since. But things were very different in 2020. For the first time in the club’s history, the open-air event had to be cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic. Instead, the sounds of jazz and swing music were livestreamed directly into people’s homes.
Hanover therefore has its very own distinctive answer to the question: what is jazz? And Louis Amstrong also played his part in unravelling the mystery when he played at the Jazz Club Hanover.
A look back at “Swinging Hanover 2019”:
Gravitational waves pass through space at the speed of light. Their existence was predicted by Albert Einstein back in 1915 in his General Theory of Relativity. However, he didn’t think it would be possible to ever detect them because they produce such a minimal effect. This was an error. It took over one hundred years of scientific advances to achieve the greatest coup in physics of this millennium.
The physicist Bruce Allen devotes his research to the not so small matter of the entire universe. The year 2005, which was named Einstein Year, was when he first got the “Einstein@Home” project off the ground. He only reveals this much: he wants to receive signals from space as he continues to look for gravitational waves. Allen is a Director at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute) in Hanover.
We want to capture the first gravitational waves from a rotating neutron star. The gravitational waves which were discovered in 2015 came from two colliding black holes and we now want to move onto the next stage.
We use computer power generated by people from all over the world to detect signals in space from rotating neutron stars. Satellites and telescopes pick up this data and the weak signals contained in the transmissions can be detected using the combined strength of the computers. It is like trying to pick out a particular grain of sand with a distinctive shape from an infinite number of grains of sand. We need an enormous amount of computing power to achieve this. A supercomputer is extremely expensive, so with Einstein@Home we combine the strength of a very large number of computers. When pooled together, they work as efficiently as one of the 20 to 30 the fastest computers in the world. The data we receive helps us to understand the universe better.
Neutron stars are small, very dense objects – a teaspoon of a neutron star has the same mass as an entire mountain. They are sometimes only 20 kilometres in diameter and rotate very quickly. They radiate gravitational waves, gamma rays and radio waves a bit like a lighthouse that sends out a beam of light at regular intervals. Satellites and telescopes pick this data up and the pool of computers trawl through the data to find weak signals that are hidden there. We can pinpoint the location of the neutron stars using the data we receive. Every participant who locates a neutron star receives a certificate.
Approximately half a million people from all of the 193 member states of the United Nations have made a contribution to Einstein@Home. Most of them come from the USA; Germany and the UK are in second and third place.
We have detected around 100 new neutron stars since the project started by detecting their gamma rays and radio waves. Unfortunately, over the past 14 years, we have still not detected any gravitational waves from a single neutron star. This is a real shame because this is our ultimate objective. For example, gravitational wave can tell us what the inner structure of a neutron star looks like. This is very exciting for astronomy and nuclear physics research.
The most difficult part is finding people who are able to participate over the long term. Many people are really enthusiastic about Einstein@Home at the beginning, especially because it is very easy to take part and you can just lean back and relax afterwards. However, the numbers drop off very quickly for reasons such as new updates or because a participant has purchased a new computer. However, it is important for the sake of the research to collect data over a longer period.
One of the most well-known projects that adopts a similar format is SETI@home. The participants combine forces with their internet-linked computers to find traces of intelligent life beyond our planet.
Interested? Becoming part of the Einstein@Home project is just a simple click away:
Do you live in a small space? Hanover has been coming up with solutions for this for a long time. Model examples of small living spaces have been developed here since the 1950s. Increasing numbers of students and workers are now living in the city who need small and affordable apartments. Approximately 300 microapartments each measuring 24 to 33 square metres have therefore been developed. A great deal of thought has been devoted to the matter at Leibniz University. Scientists and students have been focusing on research into the “Habitats of the Future”, or specifically new ways of living in cities.
During the Constructa International Building Exhibition in 1951, Hanover presented the Constructa apartment block on Hildesheimer Strasse. This development is primarily composed of two to five-storey apartment buildings which are able to accommodate as many people as possible in a relatively small space during times when accommodation is in short supply. During the 1950s, Hanover still bore the marks of the bombardments that occurred during the war. Furthermore, there was influx of refugees from the former eastern parts of Germany who needed places to live. There was an urgent need to reconstruct the city as quickly as possible. Under the direction of urban planner Rudolf Hillebrecht, the Constructa block was initially developed to serve as an illustrative model. 500 apartments were constructed on approximately 15,000 square metres of land.
Hanover, a city of singles There is only one person living in more than half of all households in the city. Single people do not need as much space as a family, however, small and affordable apartments have so far been difficult to come by. A plan is in the making to construct microapartments in three locations in Hanover: small apartments with floor space of between 24 and 33 square metres with built-in kitchenettes. The “hanova” housing association is in charge of the project and has invested just under 13 million euros. enercity-Fonds proKlima Hanover is providing funding of 66,000 euro and the KfW Banking Group is also supporting the plan. 300 microapartments should therefore be ready by 2021. The first 113 apartments have been developed in Kopernikusstrasse 7B near to the university. The occupants moved into their apartments in the new five storey building in July 2018. In the next stage, hanova intends to build two further apartment blocks with around 200 apartments by the beginning of 2021 at Klagesmarkt 17 and on Körnerplatz. The apartments are primarily aimed at students, single people and commuters.
What will human living spaces of the future look like? Researchers and students at the Faculty of Architecture and Landscape Sciences at Leibniz University of Hanover are asking this very question. As the challenges of living closely together are becoming ever more difficult, especially in cities, the faculty is now focusing on research into the “Habitats of the Future”. Representatives from the faculties of architecture, urban planning, landscape architecture, environmental planning and technical education are working closely together. One of the projects entitled “Urban Voids” that is being developed by the Institute of Urban Planning and Design focuses on the unlocked potential of urban empty spaces – for example, these areas could be used as living space or in variable ways. The city of Hanover is being used as a case study.
The English word “resist” appears high on the agenda at Leibniz University. The Resist research group is trying to understand why certain people are particularly susceptible to certain infections. The Hanover Institute for Experimental Infection Research TWINCORE is currently developing a quick test which detects the RS virus after birth. The word “resist” is also relevant for the startup company Syntellix AG which is based in Hanover. The company is developing implants which can be used after bone fractures and then disintegrate in the body. This prevents infections from taking hold.
Medical professionals and basic researchers at the Twincore Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research are now working very closely together. Their objective is to gain a deeper understanding of infections in order to find better ways to combat them. The researchers are focusing on viral infections as well as developing molecular diagnostic tests for detecting pathogenic bacteria and investigating processes in the human immune system. For example, virologist Professor Thomas Pietschmann and his team are looking at factors that make children more susceptible to the RSV virus. They are planning to use their findings to develop a rapid test.
The response to the coronavirus pandemic has also initiated several new research projects, which are focusing on questions such as: How does SARS-CoV-2 enter human cells? Can medications that are already available prevent the infection or slow down the progress of Covid-19? Does the body produce antibodies against the pathogen? A number of groups of scientists at Twincore are working feverishly to find answers to these questions.
“How to protect yourself against viruses”
Syntellix AG was founded in Hanover in 2008, under the leadership of Prof Utz Claassen. The startup develops magnesium-based implants, which are used after bone fractures and then disperse in the body. Using a network of outstanding scientists, the company has been able to develop a material (MAGNEZIX®), which breaks down completely in the body, despite its high strength, and is then replaced by bone tissue. Managing Director Claassen explains how the implants work and why Syntellix products can reduce risks associated with operations.“
The Sander family is a modern family living in the village of Gestorf. Everyone involved with the Landhof Sander Farm is passionate about what they do. The entire family and many other helping hands ensure there is a bountiful harvest and a selection of fruity delights. The growers have successfully managed around 180 hectares of land since 1997. Sugar beet and winter wheat are grown on the farm, however, strawberry cultivation is the main focus. 100 hectares of land are devoted to the cultivation of this delicious fruit which ripen particularly well in the Calenberg region. The family has voluntarily had the strawberry farm certified for a number of years, ensuring that they meet the highest quality standards.